Microfinance loans are small loans for Nigerians who want to start or grow small businesses. These loans give people money to use for their businesses and let them pay it back in a way that works for them. They help people take control of their finances and help the country’s economy. If you’re thinking about getting a microfinance loan, this guide will help you understand how it works and what you need to do.

What is a Microfinance Loan?

Microfinance loans are small loans for people who want to start a business but can’t get money from a bank. The loans can be as small as N50,000 or as big as N5 million. The amount of interest you pay depends on the lender and what you’re using the loan for.

Who Can Get a Microfinance Loan?

To get a microfinance loan, you usually need to:

  • Be a Nigerian citizen
  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have a business or a plan for one
  • Live where the lender gives loans

Benefits of Microfinance Loans:

Microfinance loans are good because:

  • They’re easier to get than loans from banks
  • You can choose how you want to pay them back
  • The interest rates are fair
  • They help more people start businesses, which helps the economy grow

Popular Microfinance Lenders in Nigeria:

Some popular companies that offer microfinance loans in Nigeria are:

  • LAPO Microfinance Bank
  • NIRSAL Microfinance Bank
  • Baobab Microfinance Bank
  • AB Microfinance Bank
  • NPF Microfinance Bank
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See full list: https://www.cbn.gov.ng/supervision/inst-mf.asp

See top 20: https://b4loan.com.ng/top-20-microfinance-banks-in-nigeria/

Steps to Get a Microfinance Loan:

Here’s what you need to do to get a microfinance loan:

  • Look at different lenders and see which one is best for you. Compare their interest rate and loan terms, and make sure they operate in the area where you live.
  • Check their website to be sure you meet their loan requirements.
  • Visit the microfinance bank and ask about getting a loan.
  • Gather all the documents you need like utility bills, business registration documents (if needed), bank statements, and a business plan (if required).
  • Choose the loan that’s right for you.
  • Fill out an application form and give the lender your documents.
  • Wait for the lender to decide if they’ll give you the loan.
  • If they say yes, read and sign the agreement.
  • Get the money from the loan.

Questions People Ask

Ques: What interest rates do microfinance loans have?

Ans: The interest rates depend on the lender, but they can be between 15% and 30% per year.

Ques: Do I need to give something valuable (collateral) to get a microfinance loan?

Ans: Not always, but some lenders might ask for something valuable if you want a big loan.

Ques: How long do I have to pay back a microfinance loan?

Ans: Usually between 6 months and 3 years, depending on how much you borrowed and what you’re using it for.

Ques: How can I make sure I get the loan?

Ans: Have a good plan for your business, pay your bills on time, and give the lender all the documents they need.

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Ques: What happens if I can’t pay back the loan?

Ans: Not paying back the loan can make it hard for you to borrow money in the future and the lender might take legal action.


  • Look at different lenders before you choose one.
  • Only borrow what you can pay back.
  • Use the money for your business.
  • Tell the lender if anything changes with your money.
  • If you follow these steps and understand how microfinance loans work, you can get the money you need to start your business. But it’s important to talk to a financial advisor before you make any big decisions.

Note: This guide is just to help you understand how microfinance loans work. Talk to a financial advisor before you decide to get one.

Don’t forget that you can always report fraudulent activities of any financial institution in Nigeria.


Many loan apps change their interest rates and repayment terms over time. Always review the terms and conditions carefully before downloading any loan app. B4loan doesn't promote any loan app, we just help you make informed decisions.

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